Arthur Marvin Minsky
Arthur Marvin Minsky, Toshiba Professor of Media Arts and Sciences at MIT, is often identified as one of the founders of the field of artificial intelligence. A graduate of Harvard and Princeton universities, he has made major contributions to the scientific foundations of AI in the domains of symbolic description, knowledge representation, computational semantics and linguistics, machine perception, symbolic and connectionist learning, mechanical robotics, and industrial automation. He is a past president of the American Association for Artificial Intelligence and a fellow of the American Academy of Arts and Sciences, the IEEE, and the Harvard Society of Fellows. He is a member of the National Academy of Sciences, National Academy of Engineering, and a member of the board of governors of the National Space Society. His many awards include the Association for Computing Machinery's Turing Award, the Japan Prize, MIT's Killian Award, the International Joint Conference on Artificial Intelligence's Research Excellence Award, and two honorary doctorates. He is the founder of the MIT Artificial Intelligence Project and holds several patents, including those for the first neural-network simulator, the first head-mounted graphical display, the first confocal scanning microscope, and the LOGO "turtle" device. He is author or coauthor of Computation: Finite and Infinite Machines, Semantic Information Processing, Perceptrons, Artificial Intelligence, The Society of Mind, The Turing Option, and (forthcoming) The Emotion Machine.